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AIDS - neurological complications Category: differential

differential diagnosis in HIV-infected patients

meningitis: cryptococcus, HIV-1, Lues, Listeria, meningitis lymfomatosa, TBC

granulomatous meningitis: granulomatous amoebic meningo-encephalitis (acanthamoeba, hartmanella), brucellosis, coccidioidomycosis, tuberculosis, aspergillosis, listeriosis, sarcoidosis, hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis

diffuse encephalopathy: AIDS dementia complex, metabolic encephalopathy, diffuse encephalitis, acute HIV-1 encephalitis, CMV-encephalitis, diffuse toxoplasmosis, HSV-encephalitis

focal encephalopathy: cerebrale toxoplasmosis, PML, cryptococcus abscess, VZV-encephalitis, TBC-abscess, neurolues, primary CNS lymphoma

cranial nerve deficits: infectious meningitis, meningitis lymfomatosis, focal pathology in cerebro, vasculitis, Guillain-Barré, CIDP

myelopathy: HIV-1 vacuolary myelopathy, primary HIV-infection, CMV-polyradiculomyelopathy, VZV-radiculomyelopathy,HSV-myelitis, HTLV-1 myelopathy, lymphoma, vit-B12 deficiency

neuropathy: AIDP/CIDP, multifocal neuropathy, distal symmetric polyneuropathy, CMV-polyradiculomyelitis, HZV radiculitis, toxic neuropathy, autonomous neuropathy

myopathy: HIV-polymyositis, zidovudine myopathy, HIV-'wasting syndrome'

Last modified: 2007-11-21 Level: physician Article visits: 3657
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